Dominican Republic: Policy Highlights and Opportunities
Every week, 1.1 million kilograms of food are lost or wasted along the supply chain in the Dominican Republic, with 93% of food lost in the production phase, alone. If recovered and redistributed, this food could help reduce food insecurity, which affected 10.4% of the population prior to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
Atlas Research: Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic research was published in March 2021 and was made possible with the advice and support of our on-site partners, including Banco de Alimentos de la República Dominicana.
The Dominican Republic has an expansive and complex body of law, regulation, and standards governing food safety. Most food safety standards in the Dominican Republic are derived from the General Health Law, nonbinding,
voluntary technical standards, and the General Regulation for the Control of Food and Beverage Risk, the latter of which features articles that specifically concern food donation and offer commentary on government oversight.
Tax Incentives and Barriers
The Dominican Republic offers a tax deduction of up to 5% of the donor’s net income for the value of charitable in-kind and monetary donations made to registered institutions, including food banks.
The Tax Code also exempts all donations made to public and charitable institutions from the Corporate Income Tax, and most agricultural food products are exempt from the value-added tax.
Policy Opportunities and Recommendations
The Dominican Republic standardizes date labels under two binding regulations that require the use of quality-based date labels, but are not aligned on how this label is expressed.
They also do not adhere to the 2018 update to the Codex Alimentarius General Standard for the Labeling of Prepackaged Food and does not clarify whether food may be donated after the quality-based date.
Liability Protection for Food Donation
The Dominican Republic currently lacks national liability protections for food donors and food recovery organizations, which can discourage potential donations. The General Law 358-05 on the Protection of the Rights of the
Consumer and User recognizes strict liability of producers, importers, distributors, suppliers, if an injury results from a product defect or insufficiency. The law does not clearly extend to food donors or food recovery organizations.